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9.1 Introduction

This section seeks presents an analysis of the Colin area with particular emphasis onvits physical development over the past number of years.
 
Colin consists of a number of traditional townships areas which were clearly marked out in plans which date from the 1830’s.
 
1833 Plan
 
the township areas of Lagmore, Poleglass and Killeaton are shown;
Stewartstown Road, Lagmore Road, Old Colin Road and the Upper Dunmurry Lane are all existing;
the area is mainly open countryside although the Colin Glen route is highlighted as a landscape feature;
a Corn Mill is shown in the Poleglass area; and
a building which is subsequently named Colin House is also shown.
 
1904 Plan
 
As the City of Belfast continues to expand the Colin area builds closer links:
the great northern railway line from Belfast through Dunmurry is shown;
the Village of Dunmurry is taking shape;
Lagmore Reservoir has been constructed;
a number of named properties are shown such as Cloona House, Bogstown Farm, Stewartstown House, Lagmore House, Summerhill House, Colin House and Springbank House;
the area around Suffolk has developed and Saint John the Baptist Church, Kilwee Cottage, a Bleach Works with Bleach Green are shown; and
the information is more detailed generally showing field boundaries etc. when essential the area is still countryside.
 
1938 Plan
 
The area while still rural continues to build links with the city while Dunmurry begins to emerge as the local village centre:
the road structure has not changed since 1833;
many of the key buildings still remain with the addition of the Dairy Farm;
the Colin Golf Course has been established; and
Dunmurry has increased to the size of a reasonable village.
 
1938-1960’s
 
Throughout this period the greater Derriaghy and Dunmurry areas continued to develop. These reflected the post war development of Belfast City and Lisburn town. The area still reflected an agricultural area serving the expanding city and in particular the role of the Dairy Farm was a key landmark in the area.

The late sixties brought significant housing developments at Suffolk, Seymour Hill and the proposed development of the Twinbrook estate.
 
1960’s-1990’s
 
In the late 1960’s the main areas of population in the Colin area were the small pockets of housing which had existed in the Dunmurry Lane area. These were followed by the developments at Cloona and Glengoland.

The main public housing development began in the early 1970’s with the establishment of Twinbrook. This development was originally planned as a mixed estate combining Protestant and Catholic residents. However, the rise of significant sectarian strife across the city of Belfast resulted in the area becoming identified as nationalist and Catholic. Subsequently, given the circumstance of the period, Protestants were reluctant to move to the area.
 
As the 1970’s progressed, Twinbrook became the home for many Catholics who migrated from other areas of the city including the lower Falls, Rathcoole, Short Strand and the New Lodge areas.
 
 
9.2.1 The Current Context
 
Across this area there are several key landmarks which represent the history and hopes of the Colin Community. St John the Baptist Church of Ireland at the Suffolk Road and Stewartstown Road Junction represents the boundary of the Lisburn City Council area and hence the Colin area. Several hundred metres along the Stewartstown Road is the Teeling Roundabout which represents a more modern feature of the Colin area. The roundabout sits at the junction of Dunmurry Lane, the bottom of the Partridge Road and next to Hazelwood estate.

Further along the Stewartstown Road is the Colin Centre (former Dairy Farm) which represents previous failed efforts to provide a heart and core for the Colin area. Over the past number of months there have been significant
changes at the centre including its renaming to the Colin Centre, the reestablishment of a supermarket and the renaming of the Library to the Colin Library. Along the Stewartstown road there are a range of shops and on the Poleglass side of the road where the Health Centre, Northern Ireland Housing Executive Offices and the Derby House Pub are situated on the Twinbrook side of the road.
 
9.2.2 Colin in the Broader West Belfast Context
 
The key access routes to a great degree reflect the historical development of the area. There is a general tendency within the Colin community to look ‘down the road’, reflecting the fact that the majority of residents in the area have strong links with communities in other parts of West Belfast i.e. Ballymurphy, Turf Lodge, Divis, Clonard etc. These strong community links are played out in the day to day activities of the Colin community. It is generally recognised that families still retain registration with GP practices, dentists, schools and social and leisure clubs which are based in the inner West Belfast area.
 
These links have provided a strong sense of belonging and community for residents of Colin who did not have a strong sense of belonging or ownership with Lisburn City Council area. Therefore the primary route into Colin for the vast majority of its residents is the Stewartstown, Andersonstown and Falls road links.
 
9.2.3 Colin in the Context of the Conflict
 
It is important to note that the period from the early 1970’s until the ceasefire of 1994, the Colin area was an area totally immersed in the conflict of that period. While physically on the outskirts of nationalist West Belfast, Twinbrook and Poleglass reflected the nationalist and republican aspirations of the inner West Belfast community. Over that period, access into and across the Colin area was subject to the security measures of the time. This situation confirmed the natural affinity and physical movement of the Colin community down the Falls Road. This natural tendency was reinforced by the perceived ‘chill factor’ between the Colin community and the respective local authority i.e Lisburn City (Borough) Council.
 
The recent developments of the Belfast Metropolitan Area Plan provide a framework for the physical development of the Greater Belfast area and the neighbouring Local Government District. Given that Colin falls within the Lisburn City Council area, it is important that this strategy recognises this planning framework.
 
The Colin Neighbourhood Initiative welcomes a Framework which should contribute to enhancing the quality of life of its residents. In the course of the development of the strategy, CNI discussed their plans with BMAP. In addition, CNI had made a submission to BMAP outlining their position with regard to developments within the area.
 
This included identification of possible neighbourhood centres across the Colin area. CNI are keen to work with those responsible for developing Planning frameworks for the area but also request that the Colin Strategy is recognised as an important reference point for local development.
 
A comprehensive physical analysis of the area has been carried out involving consideration of plan information and site survey. A series of analysis drawings relating to the Colin area are attached in Colin Maps Appendix. The following key points should be noted (See map 2/0124/D-01 attached):
 
  • landscape setting of the area, both locally in the form of wooded glens and the surrounding context with views of the Colin Hills and the Belfast Hills is one of the unique selling points of the area;
  • the Stewartstown Road is the physical spine of the area but the nature of the road, the typography and the relationship to the adjacent areas is poor;
  • the different neighbourhood areas are very insular in their layout with poor linkages between them;
  • the formal Ward boundary between Twinbrook and Kilwee is not reflected in people's view of what constitutes the Twinbrook area;
  • the Dairy Farm in terms of its general location and the current uses is a focal point to the area but is not physically attractive or popular with the local people; and
  • the extent and nature of community facilities is insufficient for an area of this size and population. Individual profiles, analysis and proposal drawings for each of the Colin areas is attached in Appendix IV – Area profile and CNI Maps.

 

Before outlining the key physical regeneration opportunities which exist in the Colin area, it is important to summarise the context within which the area has developed.

9.5.1 A series of Neighbourhoods
 
Colin represents a series of neighbourhoods without a physical centre. The failure of the former Dairy Farm, both commercially and as a centre for community presents a significant challenge to the Colin Neighbourhood Initiative.
In recent years, developments along the Stewartstown Road have sought to provide retail and associated services. These investments reflect the fact that this area does represent an economic opportunity for the right business idea. Within each of the local Colin neighbourhoods, there is a distinct lack of cohesion and focus in relation to facilities commercial, community or leisure.
 
Where facilities are available, for example the Brook Activity Centre, its location is not easily accessible to groups in Lagmore or indeed Poleglass since there is no transport linkage across the neighbourhoods. Recognising these challenges, there are significant opportunities to sensitively enhance and conserve the natural environment which constitute Colin. There are groups currently working within Colin who are keen to secure the natural assets while making them more accessible to the local community.
 
9.5.2 New Links and New Opportunities
 
More recently with the development of the M1 link at Blacks road, via Golf Course road, many residents wishing to travel into Belfast chose this alternative route. Local traffic may also use the Springfield Road as a secondary route around the outer West Belfast area, allowing access to the International Airport, Antrim and Crumlin areas. In addition, this route is also used by motorists for access to areas such as Turf Lodge and Ballymurphy. To the south, is the McKinstry roundabout traditionally representing a boundary between the local community and the broader Lisburn community.

More recently however the growth of through traffic and the general easing of community tensions has seen an increase in Colin residents accessing the Lisburn City via this route. To the East, the Old Golf Course road provides local access to the facilities of Dunmurry, Finaghy and the general Lisburn Road area.
 

 

Contact Us

Colin Neighbourhood Partnership
Cloona House
31 Colin Road
Poleglass
Belfast, BT17 0LG
Tel: 028 9062 3813
Fax: 028 9030 9722
info@newcolin.com

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